DEVELOPING A PHILOSOPHY OF COACHING
Fun and Purpose.
PRINCIPLES OF YOUTH COACHING
Clear, Concise and Correct information: Brevity – Clarity – Relevance.
Simple to Complex: There should be a flow that is appropriate to the age of the players and the topic of the practice – in some instances this will proceed from a warm-up to individual activities to small group activities to large group activities
(The Game) – While the progression may vary, every practice should start with a warm-up and end with “The Game”.
Safe and Appropriate training area.
Implications for the Game.
PRE-SEASON PARENT-COACH MEETING
Discuss coaching philosophy and goals.
Discuss what is expected of parents (transportation, communication, sportsmanship) and players.
Obtain information; i.e., medical information, parent’s skill inventory.
Consider Coach-Player meeting on both an individual and group basis as appropriate.
Players should be encouraged to take responsibility and care of their equipment from the beginning to include: ball, shin guards, proper shoes, clothing appropriate for training and climate, and water bottle.
Coaches should be responsible for: cones, bibs or vests, extra balls, air pump, first aid kit, ice, water, nets, portable goals (if used).
COACHING ACTIVITIES CHECKLIST
Are the activities fun?
Are the activities organized?
Are the players involved in the activities?
Is creativity and decision making being used?
Are the spaces used appropriate?
Is the coach’s feedback appropriate?
Are there implications for the game?
Accepting a coaching position means accepting responsibilities:
To provide proper instruction for the activity.
To provide proper equipment for the activity.
To make reasonable selection of players.
To provide proper supervision of training and games.
To take proper precautions to guard against post-injury aggravation.
IMPORTANT POINTS TO REMEMBER
Never leave a player alone after training or games.
Be certain that players depart with their parents or designated individual.
Avoid being left alone with players who are not your children.
Soccer Injuries: Prevention & Care
The first Line of defense in the treatment of athletic injuries is to prevent them. This is accomplished by a well-planned program; competition among equal ability groups, proper warm-up and adherence to the Laws of the Game. Other factors that can lead to the prevention of injuries:
Proper use of equipment (shin guards, no jewelry, uniforms designed for climate).
Upkeep and monitoring of playing surfaces.
Proper fitting shoes, proper type of shoe for surface.
Ample water supply and breaks to give players rest.
Avoid scheduling training during the hottest periods of the day and when there is intense humidity. Full rehabilitation of an injury prior to return to play, determined by physician.
Recommendation of a physical exam by qualified personnel prior to participation.
The coach or assistant should be responsible for assisting with injuries, which should include attending a certified first aid course and knowledge of state and local ordinances.
It is recommended that the coach should follow-up with a phone call about a players injury to the parents whether or not the parents were in attendance at the game or practice.
Each coach should have and know how to use a First Aid Kit that includes, but is not limited to: Team Safety and Information Card, plastic bags and ties for ice, ice, tape, Band-Aids, antiseptic, sterile pads, towelettes, gauze pads, elastic wrap, antibiotic cream and rubber gloves
(CARE SHOULD BE GIVEN TO AVOID CONTACT WITH BLOOD AND BODY FLUIDS AND TO USE PROPER DISPOSAL OF ITEMS SOAKED WITH SUCH FLUIDS).
CARE The care of the injured athlete will begin the moment an injury occurs. Immediate care will reduce the severity of the injury and the possibility of long term disability. The coach, upon seeing an injured player on the field should:
Make sure that the airway is clear.
Determine if the player is conscious.
Ask how the injury occurred (player, teammates, officials).
Ask the player where it hurts.
If the player is unable to continue, he should be checked to determine the extent of the injury.
After determining that the injury IS NOT life threatening, the nature of the injury can be further determined.
Soccer Injuries: Prevention & Care
Note the position of the injured part.
Look for swelling and deformity.
Compare with the opposite side.
Ask the players and/or teammates what happened.
Treatment for minor injuries such as sprains, strains and contusions is refereed to as R.I.C.E. (Rest, Ice, Compression, Elevation). The R.I.C.E. treatment is the only first aid treatment that is safe treatment for a sports injury without professional advice. The treatment helps in three different ways. R.I.C.E. treatments, limited to 20 minutes, can do no harm to any type of injury. Almost anything else (including heat applications) can cause harm in some instances.
Applying ice chills the injured area causing the blood vessels to contract, closing circulation to the injured area.
Applying pressure with an elastic bandage inhibits the accumulation of blood and fluids in the area, thereby minimizing pain and swelling.
Elevating the injured area decreases fluid accumulation to the injured area, puts the area to rest and helps to reduce painful muscle spasms.
FOLLOW-UP care should be considered if gross swelling or deformity is present, the player is unable to bear weight on the injured part or severe pain or discomfort is present.
Some familiar terms that you should know:
SPRAIN Ligaments are bands of tissue that attach bone to bone and stabilize joints. A sprain is an injury to one or more ligaments.
STRAIN A tearing injury to a muscle or a tendon (tendons attach muscle to bone) Athlete may hear the muscle tearing, muscle fatigue and spasm before occurrence severe weakness
or loss of muscle function, sharp pain upon occurrence spasmodic contraction, extreme tenderness to touch and/or indentation to the body part.
CONTUSION A crushing injury to a muscle or tendon caused by an outside force, which causes hemorrhaging to surrounding tissue.
ABRASION A loss of surface area of the skin caused by sliding.
Care – The area should be cleaned with an antiseptic to prevent infection. An antibiotic ointment should be applied to keep the wound moist and destroy bacteria present.
HEAT INJURIES YOU NEED TO BE AWARE OF:
HEAT CRAMPS An involuntary contraction of muscle or a muscle group that is repetitive and rapid in nature.
Care – Rest, drink water and stretching.
HEAT EXHAUSTION Surface temperature approximately normal, skin pale and clammy, profuse perspiration tired and weak, headache – perhaps cramps, nausea, dizziness, possible vomiting and pos- sible fainting (the player will probably regain consciousness as the head is lowered).
Immediate Care – Move to a cool area, air-conditioning best, have the player lie down with feet elevated, remove restric- tive apparel as appropriate, cool with wet cloths or by fanning, if alert – water may be given (1/2 glass per 15 minutes), if player vomits – take to hospital imrnediately and always refer to physician for fur- ther diagnosis, treatment and prior to return to activity.
HEAT STROKE Body temperature is high, skin is hot, red and dry, sweating mechanism is blocked, pulse is rapid and strong, player may lose consciousness.
Immediate Care – Seek immediate medical care (Call 911), while waiting, treat as above for heat exhaustion keeping in mind that if you reduce the body temperature too rapidly it can cause internal bleeding.
General principles when handling an injured player:
Use common sense.
Seek professional help.
Check for breathing, bleeding, consciousness, deformity, discoloration and shock.
Dependent upon the nature of the injury, avoid moving the player.
Inspire confidence and reassure the player.
Determine how the injury occurred.
Use certified athletic trainers when available.
Always ERR on the side of caution.
It is recommended that if a player has had medical attention, he/she must have written permission from the doctor to return to activity.